Social Development

Impact of Group Theraplay on the Social–Emotional Assets and Resilience in Children with Hearing Loss (2022)

  • This article talks about...a form of play therapy to help children interact with others, recognize the feelings of others, and improve their self-confidence and self-esteem.
  • This study theraplay had a positive effect on the social skills of children. Children in the play therapy group had significantly better results for social competence, self-regulation, responsibility, and empathy than children that did not get the intervention.
  • This is important because...children with hearing loss are at risk for delays in their social-emotional development. Interventions such as group theraplay can help children relate to others and manage difficult emotions.
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Social Communication and Quality of Life in Children Using Hearing Aids (2022)

  • This article talks parents of children who use hearing aids and of children with typical hearing perceive their child’s communication, social interactions, and quality of life.
  • This study found...parents of children who use hearing aids reported more communication difficulties and lower quality of life than parents of children with typical hearing.
  • This is important communication is important for quality of life and should be included in the intervention plan for children who use hearing aids.
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Academic Performance, Communication, and Psychosocial Development of Prelingual Deaf Children with Cochlear Implants in Mainstream Schools (2020)

  • This article is about...children with cochlear implants who go to mainstream schools and how they perform in school, communicate with others, and develop socially.
  • This study found...that half of the children performed above average academically, had little difficulty conversing in quiet, and were confident in mainstream school. However, half struggled conversating with peers or understanding class content in noisy classrooms.
  • This is important because...children with cochlear implants can do well in mainstream schools. Noisy environments are harder for communication and supports should be put in place.
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Quality of life of children with hearing loss in special and mainstream education: A longitudinal study (2020)

  • This article is about...the changes in quality of life outcomes of children with amplification devices (hearing aids and cochlear implants) between 4 and 11 years old. Their results were compared to typically hearing children. Quality of life aspects included emotional, educational, social, and physical components.
  • This study found...that emotional and physical quality of life scores were similar between children with hearing loss and those with typical hearing. Educational and social aspects of quality of life were similar between both groups if the child with hearing loss was in mainstream education between 4 and 11 years old. If the child was in special education classes (separate from their mainstream peers) at any point, their educational and social quality of life was negatively impacted.
  • This is important because...children with hearing loss can have similar outcomes in quality of life measures as their typically hearing peers. Parents should be aware that if their child requires involvement in specialized classes, extra support for educational and social aspects should be considered.
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Social skills in preschool children with unilateral and mild bilateral hearing loss (2017)

  • This article talks about...comparing social skills of 3 groups of children: those with unilateral/mild hearing loss, those with moderate-to-severe hearing loss and those with typical hearing.
  • This study found...children with unilateral/mild hearing loss were amplified late and they showed lower social skills when compared to typical hearing children. Children with moderate-to-severe hearing loss, who were amplified early had social skill scores similar to those of typical hearing children.
  • This is important because...Early amplification for children with unilateral/mild hearing loss, helps social skill development.
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Psychosocial Development in 5-year old children with hearing loss using hearing aids or cochlear implants (2017)

  • This article talks about...psychosocial development of children with hearing aids or cochlear implants.
  • This study found...that children scored below norms on social skill development. When children with hearing aids or cochlear implants were compared to test norms, they did not show emotional or behavioral difficulties. Children with a severe hearing loss who were fit with hearing aids, however, had more behavioral problems than children with cochlear implants.
  • This is important because...helping children early to develop social skills can enhance their well-being.
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Comparisons of Social Competence in Young Children With and Without Hearing Loss: A Dynamic Systems Framework (2015)

  • This article talks about...teacher feedback on the social interactions of preschool age children, comparing hearing children with their peers with hearing impairment.
  • This study found...children with hearing impairment show a lower level of social competence, which may be related to language delays in this population.
  • This is important because...early intervention programs are key for success for young children with hearing loss. Exposure to and practice of language are very important.
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Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing in Inclusive Educational Settings: A Literature Review on Interactions with Peers (2014)

  • This article talks about...a review of the current research (2000 – 2014) regarding children who are deaf or hard of hearing and how they do in mainstream classroom settings.
  • This study principal factor that affects a child with hearing impairments ability to thrive in a mainstream environment is the hearing peers response to the child.
  • This is important because...teachers can take away from this that children who are different from one another do not naturally build relationships easily. Time and energy needs to be focused not only on the children who are deaf or hard of hearing, but also on their hearing peers in relationship to how they treat one another.
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Muenster Parental Programme empowers parents in communicating with their infant with hearing loss (2013)

  • This article is about...a parent training program offered in Germany that is geared towards parents of babies (under one year old) who recently found out their child has a hearing impairment. It teaches parents how to positively communicate with their young child.
  • This study found...the parents who took the training more often had natural and positive interactions with their baby when videotaped as compared to parents who did not receive the training.
  • This is important because...communication abilities have been seen to directly impact social skills in later years in children’s lives. Starting to intentionally engage children in communication at the youngest age possible will likely benefit their social skills down the line.
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An Observational Study of Social Communication Skills in Eight Preschoolers with and without Hearing Loss during Cooperative Play (2013)

  • This article talks about...the play skills of four preschool children with hearing impairments as compared to typically hearing peers.
  • This study found...children with typical hearing more often initiated verbal communication; however, children with hearing impairments were more likely to participate in taking turns. Overall, the semi natural environments the study set up seemed to encourage interaction between normal hearing preschoolers with their hearing impaired peers.
  • This is important because...parents and teachers can feel encouraged that it is worthwhile putting children with typical hearing together to play with children who have hearing impairments. Each child is unique and should be given lots of opportunities to practice social skills through real play as compared to drill.
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Communication, Academic, and Social Skills of Young Adults with Hearing Loss (2012)

  • This article talks about...a set of questionnaires given to young adults and their parents regarding how they experienced the mainstream classroom growing up with a hearing loss and how life is now.
  • This study found...that children with hearing loss who were integrated into the mainstream classroom are in large part leading typical young adult lives. In many cases they have a supportive group of friends.
  • This is important because...with the support of teachers, school staff and parents it is possible for children with hearing loss to thrive in the mainstream environment.
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Social Outcomes of Students Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing in General Education Classrooms (2011)

  • This article talks about...the social skills outcome for students who are deaf or hard of hearing in general education classrooms across the course of five years.
  • This study found...taking into account both student and teacher feedback, children with hearing loss have similar social skill outcomes as their hearing peers.
  • This is important compared with past studies, these findings indicate that students can succeed in general education classrooms socially, but they need to feel part of the community rather than a mere visitor.
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Social Participation of Children and Adolescents with Cochlear Implants: A Qualitative Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Child Interviews (2011)

  • This article talks about...interviews showing parent, teacher, and children’s views of how children with cochlear implants are coping socially and emotionally.
  • This study found...Although a lot of positive feedback was given about their cochlear implants, social participation and socioemotional well-being were seen as a challenge. Social deafness (the fact that it is harder to hear in group setting) was one of the main concerns among the people interviewed.
  • This is important because...Professionals are reminded that it is important to explain to parents of children receiving cochlear implants the difference in hearing ability when in groups of people as compared to one on one situations.
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The Relationship between Language Development and Behaviour Problems in Children with Hearing Loss (2010)

  • This article talks about...a study to see if and why children with hearing loss experience higher rates of behavioral problems.
  • This study found...children with hearing loss do experience higher levels of behavioral problems due in large part to challenges in communication and language development.
  • This is important because...the more opportunities that children are given to learn proper language and communication skills, they will likely lower risk of behavioral problems as the children grow up.
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Psychosocial Development in a Danish Population of Children with Cochlear Implants and Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children (2010)

  • This article talks about...children in Denmark who are either hard of hearing, deaf or with cochlear implants and feedback that teachers and parents gave about their emotional and behavioral health.
  • This study found...ability to communicate, whether verbally or through sign language, was the biggest predictor of emotional and behavioral health (this even takes into account the presence of additional disabilities).
  • This is important because...regardless of degree of hearing loss or cochlear implant status it is extremely important for parents and teachers to give maximum opportunities for children to grow communication skills.
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